He is the author of numerous health-related books and contributor to several medicine, health and wellbeing websites. Privacy Policy Muscle cramps 6. A rapid decline in sodium levels is particularly dangerous to your brain. Dangerously low sodium levels can cause nonspecific symptoms. The list of most common low sodium levels symptoms includes; Among the elderly, the most common symptoms include lethargy, altered personality, and confusion. A low sodium level in the blood is a potentially life-threatening condition. Low sodium levels can also be due to fluctuations in hormone levels, according to Mayo Clinic. Sodium is the major electrolyte found outside the body’s cells. Download now to fine-tune your diet today! Low sodium that occurs in less than 48 hours (acute hyponatremia), is more dangerous than low sodium that develops slowly over time. When the levels of sodium in the blood go down, you have to face a lot of problems. Confusion, Disorientation and Drowsiness Neurological changes are among the first signs of low sodium, an electrolyte that affects your fluid volume, nerve and muscle function. Still, patients with chronic hyponatremia often fare worse than other patients. Severe symptoms include confusion, seizures, and coma. Diffic… Each hyponatremia case seems to be different. Hyponatremia or low sodium levels in the blood can result in signs and symptoms like headache, confusion, seizures, weakness, restlessness, and muscle spasms. Low sodium levels are often seen among the elderly, especially within those who are living in long-term facilities or staying at the hospital for any health-related reason. Her experience includes behavioral health, oncology, telemetry, and ICU. Some people experience mild symptoms, whereas some tend to experience the most severe form of symptoms. The nerve damage caused by osmotic demyelination syndrome is often irreversible. Its symptoms vary from person to person and can be mild or more severe. Here's a look at some of the dangers that are associated with low sodium levels. Let’s explore what dangerously low sodium levels actually mean and why is it important to ask for help in time. Its symptoms vary from person to person and can be mild or more severe. Low blood sodium is common in older adults, especially those who are hospitalized or living in long-term care facilities. It has many vital functions, including maintaining a healthy water balance in and around the cells, proper muscle function, proper nerve function, stable blood pressure levels, etc. Severe hyponatremia can cause seizures, coma and even death. It is of vital importance to maintain a good balance within the sodium levels in our body. Signs and symptoms of hyponatremia can include altered personality, lethargy and confusion. Per the Mayo Clinic, people with hyponatremia can experience symptoms that include: If you have symptoms of hyponatremia, seek medical attention right away. The most severe cases of low sodium levels can be linked to seizures, coma, and even death. It represents a medical issue that can be caused by a long list of factors, and it is one that is most common within the elderly. Patients with alcoholism, malnutrition and advanced liver diseases are at increased risk. If chronic hyponatremia is treated too aggressively, it may cause sodium levels to increase too rapidly and result in osmotic demyelination syndrome, per the U.S. National Library of Medicine. What Is Hyponatremia? Download now to fine-tune your diet today! Sodium levels usually don't cause problems till it's in the low teens. By definition, hyponatremia is any sodium level below 135 mEq/L, with a level between 120 and 130 considered moderate hyponatremia, and … Any value below 135 mEq/L is considered to be a low sodium level, a condition medically referred to as hyponatremia. Talk to a Dr. Berg Keto Consultant today and get the help you need on your journey. , The condition can also occur from diarrhea, sweating or vomiting. A headache is a common symptom of low sodium levels and may indicate a more serious condition. Low serum sodium, or hyponatremia, is the term used to describe sodium levels in the blood lower than 135 mmol/L on a basic metabolic panel. And certain surgical procedures, especially hip surgery, are especially likely to cause low sodium levels. I've also been told that low sodium can be caused by a number of things but no one is telling me what these things are. Others include loss of appetite, muscle cramps, headache and nausea. Once the sodium level drops, our cells expand from the abundance of water present in the blood. Hyponatremia is a low sodium concentration in the blood. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, hyponatremia is most dangerous when the sodium level in the blood drops significantly in less than 48 hours (called acute hyponatremia). It can cause weakness, headache, nausea, and muscle cramps. diagnosis or treatment. Low sodium levels, left untreated can lead to seizures, coma, and potential death. Let’s explore what dangerously low sodium levels actually mean and why is it important to ask for help in time. 2020 Doctor, author and fitness enthusiast, Ahmed Zayed, MD, is a surgery resident with a passion for helping people live a happy healthy life. A normal sodium level is between 135 to 145 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L). Sodium is an essential mineral—your body needs it and can't make it—so the only way to get it is through your food or by intravenous (IV) infusion in an emergency situation. Low blood sodium, or hyponatremia, occurs when water and sodium are out of balance in your body. I have blood sodium levels of 127 and 126 on my last 2 blood tests. For any underlying condition that has been listed as the cause for the lower than normal sodium levels, proper treatment is required. In this disorder, aldosterone levels are low. Sodium is an element, or an electrolyte, that is found in the blood. Symptoms of low sodium may include:2 1. Low sodium levels are often seen among the elderly, but among other age groups as well. Therefore, the kidneys retain more potassium and excrete more sodium. Hyponatremia is an electrolyte imbalance and is indicated by a low level of sodium in the blood. Sodium is one of the many important electrolytes in the body. Common causes are burns, diarrhea, excessive sweating, vomiting and some medicines that increase urine output levels, like diuretics. In chronic hyponatremia, sodium levels drop gradually over 48 hours or longer — and symptoms and complications are typically more moderate.In acute hyponatremia, sodium levels drop rapidly — resulting in potentially dangerous effects, such as rapid brain swelling, which can result in a coma and death.Premenopausal women appear to be at the greatest risk of hyponatremia-related brain damage. any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Progesterone Levels Chart- High, Low, And Normal Range. They are known to struggle more with these health problems as compared to younger adults. According to a January 2018 article in Kidney International Reports, that's why even severe cases of chronic hyponatremia aren't usually life-threatening. Your email address will not be published. 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