Verbena officinalis is the scientific name of vervain, while blue vervain is Verbena hastata. Further details are listed at the bottom of the page. Health Benefits of Blue Vervain. The common name "blue vervain" is also sometimes used, but also refers to V. hastata. The Romans called it verbena and used it to treat a variety of illnesses. Names: The genus name Verbena is from the Latin and now refers to the Vervain plant. See the photo below. Some sources treat S. indica and, or S. cayennensis as synonyms, but these will treated as discrete species after USDA et al. American varieties are found mainly on moist prairies and meadows, low open woodlands, strea… Vervain is stated to possess sedative, thymoleptic, antispasmodic, mild diaphoretic and, reputedly, galactogogue properties. See Reference List for details. Scientific Name: Verbena officinalis, Labiatae ; Blue Vervain ... Blue Vervain, a variety of Common Vervain, is indigenous to the United States and North America. Habitat types: A (Avian/Birds); B (Butterflies); H (Hummingbirds); P (Pollinators/Bees) Notes: Blue Vervain is indigenous to the Garden; Eloise Butler catalogued it on Sept, 6, 1907. It is found throughout the lower 48 states and in the lower Canadian Provinces except Alberta. Seed: Fertile flowers produce dry nutlets that are 4-sided, about 4mm long and hold very small (1.5 to 2mm) oblong reddish brown seeds. The flowers are similar but of a different shade of color. However, the scientific name of this well-known herb is Verbena hastata and is also known by the name swamp verbena. Common Name: Blue Vervain: Scientific name: Verbena Hastata: Bloom Time: Mid-Summer, July/August: Bloom Duration: Long, 4 weeks or more: Color: Dark Blue / Purple: Bloom Size: Tall spiked flowers at the top of the plant. The extant Verbenas are: V. hastata, Blue or Swamp Vervain; V. simplex, Narrow-leaved Vervain; V. stricta, Hoary Vervain; V. urticifolia, White Vervain; and V. bracteata, Large-bracted Vervain. Blue Vervain Scientific name : Verbena hastata is the North American species used, Verbana officinalis is the European species. Occasionally, there are two lobes present at the base of the leaves. Return to -- Site Plan/Archive Index --or-- List of Common Plant Names -- or -- List of Scientific Names -- or --Home Page - - - Back to top. It is a slender perennial, growing to three feet with stiff, thin stems and spikes of small lilac flowers. The alternate common name of Swamp Vervain refers to a common habitat of this plant being stream and pond banks. Herbal Medicines Third Edition by Joanne Barnes, Linda A Anderson, J David Phillipson Blue vervain had many uses in First Nation’s culture as food and medicine. Details Here. It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants. Intricate vein pattern. The species name, hastata, refers to the leaf which has a spear shape with a basal lobe that faces out like a halberd. blue vervain swamp verbena This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … PDR for Herbal Medicines by Joerg Gruenwald, PhD etal. Flowers open individually on the densely packed spike from bottom to top with only a few open at one time on each spike. Blue vervain appears to be safe if there are no concomitant conditions that warrant caution. White Vervain, V. urticifolia, has similar, but much smaller white flowers and a spreading loose inflorescence of many wildly spreading spikes. Seeds are extremely small and light, about 93,000 per ounce. V. simplex is on the state's Special Concern List. Want to re-post this article? Below: 1st photo - The individual flowers form 5 outward spreading lobes from the corolla. 0 0. It is a tall plant, with branching stems and clusters of small, purple flowers from June through to October. The information provided here are for educational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. They need at least 30 days of cold stratification and light for germination. Lower leaves up to seven inches long. It was widely cultivated as a medicinal herb in medieval gardens and has escaped often. It is not aggressive. The plant with the scientific name “Verbena hastata” is very strong against natural hardness, it is resistant to life in dry climates so it is regarded as a reliable herb. Distribution principally from W1, W2 and 28C. It requires full sun and a loamy soil. That are known historically only, with branching near the top of sword! 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