Meaning of Religion: Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. November 2, 2006. From religious or theological perspectives, globalization calls forth religious response and interpretation. About this report. Globalization refers to the historical process by which all the world's people increasingly come to live in a single social unit. In New Age a person is working at their own divinity. This analysis, updated on Oct. 3, 2019, was originally published in 2007 as part of a larger series that explored different aspects of the complex and fluid relationship between government and religion. In Buddhism it is an individual quest at being free from desire. The sacred defines the world of reality, which is the basis for all meaningful forms and behaviours in the society. The vast majority of Hindus live in India; most others live in Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asia (Hackett 2015). Hinduism is one of the most geographically concentrated of the major world religions—of the world's 1.12 billion Hindus, 1.07 billion live in India and Nepal. In Hinduism a person is on their own trying to gain release from karma. However, for those aspiring to leadership in the 21st century, knowledge of the religions of the world from a nonconfessional perspective is not a luxury but a necessity. Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the great religions of the world. Many modern students of religion agree. The broad idea that a shared faith serves the needs of a society is known as the functionalist view of religion. This report includes sections on school prayer, the pledge of allegiance, religion in school curricula, and the religious liberty rights of students and teachers. GLOBALIZATION AND RELIGION GLOBALIZATION AND RELIGION . For decades, Martin Marty has been watching developments that are now the stuff of daily headlines: the rise of religious fundamentalism across the world, the decline of the Protestant majority in American culture, … It implicates religion and religions in several ways. Religious liberty is more a question of the right to public association, public expression, and public activity than it is about private opinions or personal decisions. Most of the world religions place an individual on their own, striving for spiritual perfection. religion became clear, and this prepared the way for more modern developments that paved way for Pentecostalism, Spiritism sects, etc. The sheer number of practitioners, however, makes Hinduism the world's third largest religion. Thereafter it became the dominant religion on the Indian subcontinent. KRISTA TIPPETT, HOST: I’m Krista Tippett, today a conversation about religion in America, with one of the great public theologians of our time, Martin Marty. 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