[13] The last country known to have produced a dedicated anti-tank gun was the People's Republic of China, in 1988. The American-produced M1 began production in early 1942, with the more heavily modified and upgraded version (the M1A2) entering production later that year. Caliber: 75 mm. This site is first and foremost for entertainment and educational purposes. An anti-tank gun is a form of artillery designed to destroy tanks and other armored fighting vehicles, normally from a static defensive position. [8] The Chinese gun was known as the Norinco Type 86 and was probably manufactured as a replacement for the ageing Soviet-sourced T-12. Rheinmetall-Borsig AG was asked to improve upon their original design. 1 Design 2 Ammunition 3 Trivia 4 Gallery 5 Sources 6 Related Pages The M41 LAAG is the main weapon of the M12 Warthog LRV and the M312 "Elephant" HRV (although the … American Pershing tank with 90mm M3 L/51 gun from the RAC Tank Museum. During its modernization initiative of the 1930s, the Soviet Army purchased a batch of the German Rheinmetall 37mm Anti-Tank Gun and adopted it as the Model 1930. [2] A number of infantry support guns designed to defeat hard targets such as fortified machine gun emplacements were used as makeshift anti-tank weapons, including the French Canon d'Infanterie de 37 modèle 1916 TRP. [10] This helped earn the Pak 36 the moniker of Panzeranklopfgerät ("tank door knocker") because its crew simply revealed their presence and wasted their shells without damaging the T-34's armor. [6] A few Soviet designs saw combat well into the 1980s. The gun was light, easy to maneuver on the battlefield, and fired both armor-piercing ammunition and a high-explosive shell. The AC 47 was a French anti-tank gun of 47mm caliber.It was principally used in the ouvrages and casemates of the Maginot Line in the late 1930s; another version was created for naval use.. The Panzerfaust (lit. … [12] Switzerland developed a postwar 90 mm anti-tank gun of its own, the Pak 50/57, firing shells with an even lower velocity than the Mecar or DEFA guns. A 37 mm anti-tank gun M1930 (1-K) The design of anti-tank guns in the USSR began in the late 1920’s. [12] France did introduce an APFSDS shell for the DEFA D921 at some point in the 1980s. Your email address will not be published. Anti-tank P.z.B. The United Kingdom's only anti-tank rifle, the Boys was effective during the early stages of the war but quickly became obsolete. [17] Nevertheless, much like towed anti-tank guns, they were widely exported and were still in service with several armies in the late twentieth century.[16][12]. Set my BT-7 on fire. Feel free to look around and get used to how things look in the meantime! https://www.forgottenweapons.com/category/rifles/anti-tank-rifle Rheinmetall-Borsig AG was asked to improve upon their original design. The exception to the rule is the British, whose guns calibres are either measured in inches or have a shell weight measured in pounds, rather than the calibre in a length. [5], Towed anti-tank guns disappeared from most Western countries, such as the United States, after World War II, to be replaced by shoulder-fired rocket launchers, recoilless rifles, and eventually, guided anti-tank missiles. 3.7 cm Tankabwehrkanone 1918 im starrer Räder–lafette, Mortier de 220 modèle 1915/1916 Schneider, Mortier 280 mm TR de Schneider-St Chamond, Canon Court de 105 M modele 1909 Schneider, Canon Court de 105 M modèle 1919 Schneider, Mortier de 293 Danois sur affut-truck modèle 1914, 25 mm automatic air defense gun M1940 (72-K), 37 mm automatic air defense gun M1939 (61-K), Type 96 and Type 97 150 mm infantry mortar, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anti-tank_gun&oldid=991730413, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 14:58. [19] They were not without their own series of disadvantages, however, namely presenting a much larger target than a towed gun, the added responsibilities of vehicle maintenance and logistical support, and the limited spaces in which the crew had to operate and stow all their available ammunition. The origins to the 37mm Bofors come from 1921 when the Bofors company put together a prototype anti-tank gun for trails. It also wasn’t the first large calibre weapon deployed against tanks, as the Germans pushed trench mortars firing at a flat trajectory or field guns into an anti-tank role. The cartridge was similar to that used in the Polish Mareszek anti-tank rifle and the U.S. .30-50 caliber round that was under development in 1931. Both guns are shorter than the 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56 of the Tiger I in their actual and caliber-related length, have a similar propellant and projectile mass ratio and should nevertheless have higher muzzle velocities. Hotchkiss, Mark I on 25 mm. British Gun Calibres- Pounds and Inches to Millimetres. 118. The German anti tank gun is a 7.62mm caliber at around 1200m/s. Member. What they came up with was the 5cm Pak 38 with a L/60 barrel (a barrel 60 calibers in length), which met approval for production in 1939. Manufacturer: Rheinmetall-Borsig A.G. [3] The development of the compact hollow charge projectile permanently altered anti-tank warfare, since this type of ammunition did not depend on a high muzzle velocity and could be fired from low-recoil, man-portable light weapons, such as the Panzerfaust and the American series of recoilless rifles. 6" Naval Gun; 5"/51 Caliber Gun; Japanese Anti-Tank (AT) Guns. This model seems to be overlooked when you discuss the lighter model anti-tank guns. These emerged from the mixed results of deploying field artillery against tanks during World War I, and the need to produce a more economical weapon to destroy them. OXFORD Advanced Lerner's DICTIONARY opf Current English, NEW EDITION, Cornelsen & OXFORD, A S Hornby, 5th edition, page 42. The first tanks were used to break through trench defences in support of infantry actions particularly machine gun positions during the First World War and they were fitted with machine guns or high explosive firing guns of modest calibre. This happens with large caliber guns such as the 85mm gun. [5] Although they too were soon approaching obsolescence, most remained in use with infantry units until the end of the war. Henry C. Boys in 1936 and produced from 1937 to 1940 by RSAF Enfield, Birmingham Small Arms and John Inglis and Company. [3], At the outbreak of World War II, most armies were fielding light anti-tank guns firing 3.7 cm (37mm) ammunition. The Boys Anti-Tank Rifle was part of Britain’s interwar development of weapons designed to take on tanks. [1] The development of specialized anti-tank munitions and anti-tank guns was prompted by the appearance of tanks during World War I. [2] Weighing some 160 kg, the Pak 36 could inflict a catastrophic kill on a tank rather than merely penetrating its armor plate. The M41 works well for … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 283, anti-tank ammunition. The M41 Light Anti-Aircraft Gun, nicknamed the "Vulcan,"6 is a United Nations Space Command Defense Force -mounted machine gun. [19], By the end of the war, dedicated tank destroyers had been superseded by tanks, which were just as effective at destroying other tanks, and there was little incentive to continue their separate development. The 3.7 cm TAK 1918 was designed and built for the Imperial German Army in 1918. During World War II, the US Army Air Corps/Air Forces and during Korea the US Air Force, experimented with .60 caliber machine guns — the cartridge was the Cartridge, .60-caliber, T17, and it was developed in 1939 for the T1 and T1E1 Anti-Tank Rifles, a project that hasn’t seen much publicity. Two other 20 mm guns were advertised as suitable for the anti-tank role, although they were issued on more substantial mountings. During the invasion of Normandy that June, the U.S. was equipped with Mark II and III revisions of the British QF-6, with the majority of M1s positioned elsewhere on the western front. Modern tank guns are large-caliber high-velocity guns, capable of firing kinetic energy penetrators, high explosive anti-tank rounds, and in some cases guided missiles. Although under extremely heavy machine-gun fire he showed the greatest contempt of danger and continued to keep his anti-tank gun in action. The M1 variant saw a great number of exported operators due to the Lend-Lease program, with many units being sent to France and the Soviet Union. L-39. Whilst the 3.7cm Pak 36 anti-tank gun had acquitted itself very well during the Spanish Civil War, it was thought that an upgraded version was needed in order to stay ahead of the gun-armor spiral. Lahti L-39 ATG anti tank rifle. [18], Tank destroyers offered some advantages over towed anti-tank guns, since a static gun emplacement sacrificed concealment and surprise after firing the first shot; however, the same gun mounted on a tracked or wheeled chassis could open fire and throw a tank formation into substantial disarray before quickly withdrawing to repeat the same tactic elsewhere. British Boys early model Mk1 Boys .55 caliber bolt-action Anti-Tank Rifle with monopod. [2] The first dedicated anti-tank artillery began appearing in the 1920s and by World War II was a common appearance in many European armies. [7] The People's Republic of China was still producing large caliber anti-tank guns as late as 1988. It is a triple-barreled, electric-powered, linkless, belt-fed weapon. Weight: 1,425 kg. [3] In order to penetrate armor they fired specialized ammunition from longer barrels to achieve a higher muzzle velocity than field guns. [12] Its design inspired the lightly rifled French DEFA D921 anti-tank gun, which fired fin-stabilized shells and was available on a towed carriage or as a vehicle mount. Anti-tank guns are typically high-velocity guns designed to fire anti-tank shells. [10] Anti-tank gunners began aiming at tank tracks, or vulnerable margins on the turret ring and gun mantlet, rather than testing their lighter cannon against bow and turret armor. When my 45mm gun shoots a Pz. [5] The guns were usually mounted on two-wheeled carriages so they could be towed into position, then withdrawn and repositioned rapidly. [3] Introducing improved ammunition and increasing muzzle velocity initially helped compensate for their mediocre performance, but it was clear that small caliber anti-tank guns would soon be overtaken by yet more heavily armored tanks. Here to Part I: 88 mm Flak 18,36,37. [3] The 3.7 cm Tankabwehrkanone 1918 im starrer Räder–lafette was probably the first dedicated anti-tank gun in service. The lightweight M6 and M5 variants were developed to equip the Light Tank M24 and the B-25 Mitchell bomber. MILITÄRISCHES STUDIENGLOSAR ENGLISCH Teil II/ Teil III, Deutsch – Englisch, Abkürzung Begriff, These emerged from the mixed results of deploying field artillery against tanks during World War I, and the need to produce a more economical weapon to destroy them. [11], At the end of the war, German engineers had proposed a new large caliber anti-tank gun that used less propellant than a rocket or recoilless weapon, yet fired similar compact hollow charge shells. [3], Towards the end of World War II, armor plating became still thicker, with tanks such as the Tiger II being fitted with armor over 100mm in thickness, as compared to the 15mm more typical in 1939. Anti-tank gun. Five rounds were fired for characteristics and length of trace. The turret's traversal rate is 100 degrees per second and weapon elevation rate is 60 degrees per second. It would be used with the Browning-designed .50 calibre machine gun. ... 76.2mm caliber AT gun types though the 45mm versions still remained in service throughout the remaining war years in … as well as small-bore rifles of B.S.A. In war thunder you can hit transmission of tanks and the transmission basically “tanks” all the damage. Come say hi on Twitch. $8,995 This gun would be very hard to upgrade. World War II British Anti-Tank Rifle The Anti-tank rifle used by the United Kingdom in WWII was the “Boys” 55 caliber bolt-action, magazine-fed anti-tank rifle. Besides use on the two main American medium tanks of the war the M3 Lee (M2 or M3 gun) and the M4 Sherman (M3 gun). They are usually designed to be easily transported and concealed to maximize responsiveness and surprise. [6] Because of its low recoil forces and light construction, the gun was particularly useful for being mounted on armored cars or small gun carriages. The Rifle, Anti-Tank, .55in, Boys, often named the Boys anti-tank rifle, was a British bolt-action anti-tank rifle designed by Capt. Another aution that has an interesting peice of history. Unlike anti-tank guns, their light weight made them easily portable by individual infantrymen on the battlefield, and they offered similar degrees of firepower whilst being quicker and cheaper to produce. The Lahti L-39 is a Finnish 20 mm anti-tank rifle used during the Second World War.It had excellent accuracy, penetration and range, but its size made transportation difficult. [6] German forces subsequently fielded the 8 cm PAW 600, which was an extremely lightweight, low pressure weapon still able to fire the same ammunition types as higher velocity anti-tank guns. [2] To destroy hostile tanks, artillerymen often used field guns depressed to fire directly at their targets. Copyright © 2019-2021, The Havoc. [3] Medium caliber guns in the 40mm to 50mm range began to appear, some of which simply utilised rebored 37mm barrels. A Boys Mk.1. The M3A1 Anti-Tank Gun The M3 was the standard anti-tank gun used the U.S. Army at the beginning of World War II. [2] Towed guns similar to the Pak 36 were the only anti-tank weapon issued to European armies during the 1930s, and a number of influential designs proliferated, such as the Böhler gun. The US 75mm gun tank gun M2 and the later M3 were the standard American tank guns of the Second World War. "tank fist") is a German disposable anti-tank recoilless gun. 39 gun, serial number 5553 was tested at the Aberdeen Proving Ground on April 1, 1942. C&R eligible or Form 3 or 4 Read More. Most anti-tank rifles were developed after Spanish Civil War, where tanks with light armour was used (Italy supply CV33 tankettes and Soviet Union supply T-26), so the experience from that war indicate that man-portable anti-tank rifle is viable weapon. A tank gun is the main armament of a tank. The AC 47 was principally used as a defensive weapon, since its portability was intentionally limited to prevent the weapon from being turned on defending troops if a fortification was captured. [12] Apart from the T-12, which utilized APDS rounds, these weapons could only use HEAT shells for armor-piercing purposes. Anti-Tank Guns 2.8 cm Schwere Panzerbuchse 41. 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